Career Name:



  • To become an ophthalmologist, one must spend at least twelve years getting a post high school education.

  • A person wanting to be an ophthalmologist should first go to a regular college for four years and get a bachelors degree. Then go to medical school for another four years in order to get medical degree. With a M.D.,one must go through another three more years of residency training in ophthalmology.

  • After getting an MD, one may go through a one year internship before doing through the residency training.

  • One may also spend some time completing other fellowship training in oncology (medical specialty that focuses on cancer treatments), surgery, etc.

Responsibilities and Daily Activities:

  • Ophthalmologists are eye doctors or physicians with medical degrees.

  • Ophthalmologists diagnose and eye problems. They can use a variety of different remedies that range from prescribing drugs to performing surgery.

  • They also prescribe visual correcting devices like contact lenses or glasses.

  • The eye problems that ophthalmologists treat can range from vision deficiencies to cancer.

  • Optometrists are very similar to ophthalmologists and can prescribe glasses and diagnose eye problems. Unlike optometrists, however, ophthalmologists can perform surgery and can treat complex medical eye conditions.

  • Ophthalmologists are usually in private practice. They usually work in an office or operating room.

  • Because emergencies are rare, ophthalmologists generally keep regular hours.

Salary Range:

  • While the BLS does not have a specific salary data on ophthalmologists, BLS does have an average salary for physicians. The average salary for physicians in the United States is about $197,700.

  • The average salary for physicians in California is about $203,920.


Decker, F. (n.d.). Optometrist Vs. Ophthalmologist Salary. Retrieved May 29, 2016, from http://work.chron.com/optometrist-vs-ophthalmologist-salary-1885.html

Optometrist vs Ophthalmologist: What’s the Difference? (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2016, from http://www.urbanoptiques.com/vision-care-focus-on-vision-care/vision-care-articles/optometrist-vs-ophthalmologist-whats-the-difference

Santiago, A. C. (n.d.). 3 Things You Should Know Before Becoming an Ophthalmologist. Retrieved May 29, 2016, from http://healthcareers.about.com/od/physiciancareers/p/Ophthalmologist.htm

Ophthalmologist Job Description, Career as an Ophthalmologist, Salary, Employment – Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job. (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2016, from http://careers.stateuniversity.com/pages/482/Ophthalmologist.html

29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other. (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2016, from http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes291069.htm