• Seven of the eight parts of speech in English language is tested on the SAT.

  1. Verb

  • Indicate actions or states of being.

  • “To” form is known as the infinitive. Examples: To be, To have, To seem, To go, To speak, To believe, etc.

  • In order to indicate an action, one must conjugate the verb and provide it a subject.

  • “To be” and “To have” are most commonly used verbs on the SATs. They are irregular.

Conjugated Verbs:

  • Conjugation of the verb for “to be”:

    • Singular: I am, You are, He, She, It, One is

    • Plural: We are, You (pl.) are, They are.

  • Conjugation of verb “to have”:

  • Singular: I have, You have, He, She, It, One has

  • Plural: We have, You (pl.) are, They are.

  • The number of a verb tells us whether it is singular or plural.

    • Singular: I, you, he, she, it, one speaks.

    • Plural: We, you, they, speak.

Verb Tense:

  • Tense of a verb tells the reader when an action is occurring.

    • She speaks – Present

    • She has spoken – Present Perfect

    • She spoke – Simple Past

    • She had spoken – Past Perfect

    • She would speak – Conditional

    • She would have spoken – Past Conditional

    • She will speak – Future

    • She will have spoken – Future Perfect

  1. Noun

  • A noun indicates people, places, objects, and ideas.

  • Nouns are often preceded by a(n) or the.

  • Proper Nouns are used to describe a specific place or person.

    • Example: House, bicycle.

  1. Pronoun

  • Pronouns are usually used in place of nouns.

    • Example: she, you, one, we, him, it(s), their, this, etc.

  • Personal pronouns are referred in the following ways.

    • 1st person singular – 1

    • 2nd person singular – You

    • 3rd person singular – He, She, It, One.

    • 1st person plural – We

    • 2nd person plural – You

    • 3rd person plural – They

  1. Preposition

  • Prepositions are used to describe where or when something is happening.

  • Common Prepositions: Of, To, Within, Without, Over, Beside, Next to, Against, From, Art, Above, About, Towards, Upon, In, For, Under, Along, Among, Before, Around, On, By, Beneath, Beyond, Near, After, Outside, Off, With, Below, Behind, Across, During, Opposite.

  1. Adjective

  • Adjective modify nouns and pronouns.

  • Examples: large, pretty, interesting, solid, wide, exceptional, smart, dull, caring, simple.

  1. Adverb

  • Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs usually end in -ly.

  • Examples: rapidly, calmly, serenely, shockingly, mildly, boldly, sharply, well, fast, vry

  1. Conjunction

  • Conjunction indicates a relationship between words, phrases, and clauses.

  • Examples: and, but, however, therefore, so, although, yet,when.

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