1. How did the Treaty of Versailles lead to WWII?

The Treaty of Versailles unfairly blamed Germany for World War I. Germany had to pay massive war debts, or reparations, to all of the Allied countries. This led to an unstable government and economy in Germany which led to unhappy German people. The guilt of the war and the regret of losing the land during the war made Germans very bitter toward the Allies. The Nazi group took advantage of the German’s frustration by fostering a belief that the people of Germany were entitled to more land and that the Jews were to be blamed for all the unhappiness. This lead to the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party. Basically, the unfairness of the treaty caused resentment of the German people which encouraged the events that lead to the invasion of Poland.

2. What is fascism? Who were the fascist leaders?

A form of rule by which a state is governed. Adolf Hitler, Francisco Franco, and Benito Mussolini are examples of the fascist leaders.

3. What is communism? Who was the communist leader?

A system where all means of production are owned by the public and the people work for the government and get paid by the government according to the needs. Joseph Stalin was the communist leader during World War II.

4. What was Appeasement? Did it work? Why or why not?

A diplomatic policy where a political or material concession is made to an enemy in order to avoid conflict. The idea of appeasement is often applied to the foreign policy toward Nazi Germany during 1937 and 1939 that was made by British prime minister Neville Chamberlain. When Nazi Germany began invading Czechoslavakia, Neville Chamberlain basically told Hitler that he can take over Czechoslavakia on the condition that Hitler will stop invading other countries. This did not work and Germany Nazi began their invasion of Poland one year after the appeasement.

5. What country’s invasion was the start of WWII?

Germany’s invasion of Poland is said to have started World War II.

6. The Allied Powers were:

United States of America, Britain, Russia

7. The Axis Powers were:

Germany, Italy, Japan

8. What are war crimes?

An action that is carried out during the conduct of war that violates accepted by international rules of law.

9. Describe the events of Pearl Harbor. How did that day completely change the scope of the war for all countries involved around the world?

Pearl Harbor was a military strike made by the Japanese military against the naval base at Pearl Harbor in the U.S. The attack occurred in December 7, 1941. This attack led the U.S. into WWII.

10. What was the Blitz? What was Hitler hoping to do? Did it work?

The Blitz was Nazi Germany’s attack on Britain. Hitler was hoping to make the British and Churchill give up Britain. Instead Churchill became determined to not let Hitler have Britain.

11. What is island hopping? Which 2 countries were involved?

Island hopping us the strategy employed by the US to gain military bases and secure the small islands in the Pacific from the Japanese.

12. What event is considered the end of WWII end in Europe?

VE day is considered the end of WWII.

13. How did the war end in the Pacific? Why did America make the decision to do that?

World War II ended with the atomic bomb being dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

The Cold War:

14. What is the UN Security Council? Who are the 5 permanent members?

15. What was the Truman Doctrine and what was the purpose?

16. What are proxy wars? Use an example in your explanation.

17. What is NATO? What was Russia’s response?

NATO is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

18. How was the Space Race a reflection of Cold War concerns?

19. How did communism get started in China?

20. What was the Cuban Missile Crisis? Who won, and why was it considered a win?

21. How did Communism and the USSR end?