World History Cold War Test

Multiple Choice Section

1. An important feature of NATO and the Warsaw Pact was:

A. collective military security

B. economic aid

C. peacekeeping

D. human right

2. Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Cold War?

A. The US developments of the Atom Bomb

B. The Nuremberg Trials following the Holocaust

C. Stalin’s mistrust of Churchill and Roosevelt starting near the end of WWII

D. The desire for a buffer between the Soviets and Western Europe

3. Why did President Truman give economic aid under the Marshall Plan to both Greece and Turkey?

A. Greece and Turkey had been US allies during WWII, and he felt he owed them for the service.

B. The Soviet Union had started to invade those countries and Truman wanted to help them hold off the Russians.

C. The UN had degreed that member countries needed to assist those two countries, and Truman was simply complying with the UN.

D. Those countries were suffering financially after WWII, and he wanted to keep them from becoming communist.

4. Which of the following describes the policy of the Truman Doctrine or containment?

A. Providing financial aid to secure communist governments around the world.

B. A series of treaties and agreements to halt the spread of capitalism.

C. Efforts between Soviet and U.S. leaders to reach a consensus on policy.

D. Attempting to stop the spread of communism through aid to nations in danger.

Quotation: “It is my duty, however, to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow. The safety of the world, ladies and gentlemen, requires a unity in Europe, from which no nation should be permanently outcast.”

Winston Churchill

5.The above quotation refers to the “iron curtain”. What was the iron curtain?

A. A metaphorical divide between the eastern, communist countries of Europe and the Western capitalistic countries.

B. The Berlin Wall

C. The demilitarized zone placed between the North and South Korea.

D. The hatred of the two sides felt for each other.

6. According to the quotation, what is the problem for the soviet countries?

A. They are starving.

B. They are full of evil people.

C. They are all being pushed around by Russia.

D. They are all communist and so their governments are doomed to fail.

7. What was a major purpose of the Warsaw Pact?

A. To control all of East Asia.

B. To counter the power of NATO.

C. To support the world economy.

D. To undermine the Soviet Union.

8. A key difference between capitalism and communism lies in _____.

A. Voting rights and property rights given to minority groups.

B. The amount of economic control exercised by the government.

C. The number of laws recorded in written constitution.

D. The amount of legislative power given to elected representatives.

9. The physical representation of the Iron Curtain was the …. .

A. Communist Shield.

B. Berlin Wall.

C. Iron Wall

D. Warsaw Barrier

10. Which of the following statements best describes the outcome of the Korean War?

A. North and South Korea came to a complete and peaceful agreement in a treaty negotiated by China.

B. Leaders from North and South Korea agreed to reunite under a single, communist government.

C. North Korea was badly defeated and surrendered to powers from South Korea. The country reunited and became democratic.

D. There was little change, with the border between North and South Korea being set along roughly the same line.

11. Which of the following events is NOT an example of containment in action?

A. Korean War

B. Vietnam War

C. Detente

D. Marshall Plan

12. Much of the Cold War was fought without the U.S. and Soviet Union ever firing a direct shot at each other. Instead, it was fought through proxy wars. Which of the following events is an example of a proxy war?

A. World War II

B. Korean War

C. South African War

D. War of Taiwan

The Purpose of the United Nations are:

1.To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace” – UN Charter

13. According to the above quotation, why was the United Nations formed following WWII?

A. To keep peace using whatever means necessary.

B. To respect all countries right to self-govern.

C. To solve humanitarian issues around the world.

D. To be a center for people to meet peacefully.

14. How did the Allied powers who decided to form the UN keep extra power for themselves in structuring the new UN?

A. The 5 Allied countries get two votes compared to eveyone else’s one vote.

B. The 5 Allied nations get veto power on the Security Council.

C. The 5 Allied countries are permanent members of the security Council while the other countries rotate every 2 years.

D. Both B and C.

15. Which of the following statements best describes detente?

A. A buildup of nuclear arms in order to prepare for the final battle.

B. An increase of Cold War tensions after the Cuban Missile Crisis.

C. A lessening of Cold War tensions brought about by more flexible policies.

D. A lessening of Cold War hostility after the defeat of the Soviet Union.

16. U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War was justified by the domino theory. This theory stated that:

A. If one nation in East Asia fell to communism, others would soon follow.

B. Vietnam would resist communism because it was the inferior system.

C. In order to encourage citizen support, U.S. troops should invade Vietnam.

D. Nations across the world must be protected from capitalism using force.

17. What were the goals of the Soviet Union and the U.S. in developing new space technologies?

A. Advancing espionage and the ability to launch missiles from space.

B. Building a space station for use by all Warsaw Pact members.

C. Locating a habitable (liveable) planet for a new international colony.

D. Building up arsenals to prepare for an aerial battle.

18. The Cuban Missile Crisis began when:

A. The U.S. shot down Cuban planes that were flying over Florida.

B. U.S. spy planes sighted the buildup of missile sites in Cuba.

C. Soviet forces shot down U.S. planes on a reconnaissance mission.

D. Cuban planes sighted the buildup of missile sites in Texas.

19. Which of the following statements describes the significance of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

A. It was the closest the Soviet Union and the U.S. came to actual war.

B. It gave Cuba a large arsenal to use against the United States.

C. The Soviet Union saved face by not backing down to U.S. demands.

D. It strengthened relations between the Soviet Union and the U.S.

20. Which of these was NOT a reason why the communists came to power in China?

A. The communists were active in the revolution to take the emperor out of power.

B. The communists reached out to the peasants, the largest population in China.

C. The communists wanted to put in place a western style democracy people could participate in.

D. During WWII, when the Japanese invaded, the communist forces did a better job of fighting them off than the nationalist forces did.

21. In the Chinese Communist Revolution, the nationalists were forced to leave and establish their own government somewhere else. Where did they go?

A. Taiwan

B. Japan

C. Malaysia

D. Australia

22. Which leader brought about many of the political and economic changes that led to the eventual downfall of the Soviet Union?

A. Yeltsin

B. Gorbachev

C. Stalin

D. Khrushchev

23. The policy of glasnost resulted in which of the following changes in the Soviet Union?

A. Any who spoke out against the government were executed.

B. Churches reopened and the press was ensured more freedom.

C. Freedom of the press and assembly was further restricted.

D. Restrictions on the freedom of religion and land ownership.

Write the correct term for each definition.

24. A US spy plane was shot down over Russia, proving the US had been spying on the Soviet Union, despite their claims to the contrary. Eventually America got the pilot returned alive after trading him for another Soviet spy.

25. In the 1970s, this US president visited the largest Asian communist nation in order to make friends with them and establish trade.

26. Soviet premier Gorbachev instituted these programs in an attempt to fix the Soviet Union by allowing more freedoms and even some limited capitalism; instead he accidentally killed off the Soviet Union.

27. Following the division of Germany after WWII, Stalin blockade supplies from getting into the Western controlled section of Germany’s capital city, causing the US and England to send planes to daily drop supplies on the captive citizens.

28. One of Mao’s first acts, this was supposed to fix China’s economy by forcing everyone from peasants to professors to aid in steel manufacture; instead, it lead to a famine that killed between 20 and 30 million people.

29. When the Northern, communist part invaded the Southern, capitalist part, the civil war turned into a proxy war as communist and a capitalist supporters from around the world picked sides; the war ended in a stalemate and the formation of the demilitarized zone between the two countries that exists to this day.

30. After Stalin died, his successor tried to fix the USSR by getting rid of some of the harsher practices Stalin established, such as gulags or prison work camps. (The changes didn’t really solve all the problems)

31. In an attempt to cement his control over China, Mao completely rewrote China’s traditional values and instead instituted his own; for example, he threw out China’s respect for teachers and instead taught children that they should rebel all the time.

Short Answer Section

32. Why was the cold war considered a COLD war?

33. How does the “space race” reflect the concerns during the Cold War?

34. Explain the purpose of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, and why Mao and his wife felt the need to completely rewrite Chine Culture.World History Cold War Test

Multiple Choice Section

1. An important feature of NATO and the Warsaw Pact was:

A. collective military security

B. economic aid

C. peacekeeping

D. human right

2. Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Cold War?

A. The US developments of the Atom Bomb

B. The Nuremberg Trials following the Holocaust

C. Stalin’s mistrust of Churchill and Roosevelt starting near the end of WWII

D. The desire for a buffer between the Soviets and Western Europe

3. Why did President Truman give economic aid under the Marshall Plan to both Greece and Turkey?

A. Greece and Turkey had been US allies during WWII, and he felt he owed them for the service.

B. The Soviet Union had started to invade those countries and Truman wanted to help them hold off the Russians.

C. The UN had degreed that member countries needed to assist those two countries, and Truman was simply complying with the UN.

D. Those countries were suffering financially after WWII, and he wanted to keep them from becoming communist.

4. Which of the following describes the policy of the Truman Doctrine or containment?

A. Providing financial aid to secure communist governments around the world.

B. A series of treaties and agreements to halt the spread of capitalism.

C. Efforts between Soviet and U.S. leaders to reach a consensus on policy.

D. Attempting to stop the spread of communism through aid to nations in danger.

Quotation: “It is my duty, however, to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow. The safety of the world, ladies and gentlemen, requires a unity in Europe, from which no nation should be permanently outcast.”

Winston Churchill

5.The above quotation refers to the “iron curtain”. What was the iron curtain?

A. A metaphorical divide between the eastern, communist countries of Europe and the Western capitalistic countries.

B. The Berlin Wall

C. The demilitarized zone placed between the North and South Korea.

D. The hatred of the two sides felt for each other.

6. According to the quotation, what is the problem for the soviet countries?

A. They are starving.

B. They are full of evil people.

C. They are all being pushed around by Russia.

D. They are all communist and so their governments are doomed to fail.

7. What was a major purpose of the Warsaw Pact?

A. To control all of East Asia.

B. To counter the power of NATO.

C. To support the world economy.

D. To undermine the Soviet Union.

8. A key difference between capitalism and communism lies in _____.

A. Voting rights and property rights given to minority groups.

B. The amount of economic control exercised by the government.

C. The number of laws recorded in written constitution.

D. The amount of legislative power given to elected representatives.

9. The physical representation of the Iron Curtain was the …. .

A. Communist Shield.

B. Berlin Wall.

C. Iron Wall

D. Warsaw Barrier

10. Which of the following statements best describes the outcome of the Korean War?

A. North and South Korea came to a complete and peaceful agreement in a treaty negotiated by China.

B. Leaders from North and South Korea agreed to reunite under a single, communist government.

C. North Korea was badly defeated and surrendered to powers from South Korea. The country reunited and became democratic.

D. There was little change, with the border between North and South Korea being set along roughly the same line.

11. Which of the following events is NOT an example of containment in action?

A. Korean War

B. Vietnam War

C. Detente

D. Marshall Plan

12. Much of the Cold War was fought without the U.S. and Soviet Union ever firing a direct shot at each other. Instead, it was fought through proxy wars. Which of the following events is an example of a proxy war?

A. World War II

B. Korean War

C. South African War

D. War of Taiwan

The Purpose of the United Nations are:

1.To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace” – UN Charter

13. According to the above quotation, why was the United Nations formed following WWII?

A. To keep peace using whatever means necessary.

B. To respect all countries right to self-govern.

C. To solve humanitarian issues around the world.

D. To be a center for people to meet peacefully.

14. How did the Allied powers who decided to form the UN keep extra power for themselves in structuring the new UN?

A. The 5 Allied countries get two votes compared to eveyone else’s one vote.

B. The 5 Allied nations get veto power on the Security Council.

C. The 5 Allied countries are permanent members of the security Council while the other countries rotate every 2 years.

D. Both B and C.

15. Which of the following statements best describes detente?

A. A buildup of nuclear arms in order to prepare for the final battle.

B. An increase of Cold War tensions after the Cuban Missile Crisis.

C. A lessening of Cold War tensions brought about by more flexible policies.

D. A lessening of Cold War hostility after the defeat of the Soviet Union.

16. U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War was justified by the domino theory. This theory stated that:

A. If one nation in East Asia fell to communism, others would soon follow.

B. Vietnam would resist communism because it was the inferior system.

C. In order to encourage citizen support, U.S. troops should invade Vietnam.

D. Nations across the world must be protected from capitalism using force.

17. What were the goals of the Soviet Union and the U.S. in developing new space technologies?

A. Advancing espionage and the ability to launch missiles from space.

B. Building a space station for use by all Warsaw Pact members.

C. Locating a habitable (liveable) planet for a new international colony.

D. Building up arsenals to prepare for an aerial battle.

18. The Cuban Missile Crisis began when:

A. The U.S. shot down Cuban planes that were flying over Florida.

B. U.S. spy planes sighted the buildup of missile sites in Cuba.

C. Soviet forces shot down U.S. planes on a reconnaissance mission.

D. Cuban planes sighted the buildup of missile sites in Texas.

19. Which of the following statements describes the significance of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

A. It was the closest the Soviet Union and the U.S. came to actual war.

B. It gave Cuba a large arsenal to use against the United States.

C. The Soviet Union saved face by not backing down to U.S. demands.

D. It strengthened relations between the Soviet Union and the U.S.

20. Which of these was NOT a reason why the communists came to power in China?

A. The communists were active in the revolution to take the emperor out of power.

B. The communists reached out to the peasants, the largest population in China.

C. The communists wanted to put in place a western style democracy people could participate in.

D. During WWII, when the Japanese invaded, the communist forces did a better job of fighting them off than the nationalist forces did.

21. In the Chinese Communist Revolution, the nationalists were forced to leave and establish their own government somewhere else. Where did they go?

A. Taiwan

B. Japan

C. Malaysia

D. Australia

22. Which leader brought about many of the political and economic changes that led to the eventual downfall of the Soviet Union?

A. Yeltsin

B. Gorbachev

C. Stalin

D. Khrushchev

23. The policy of glasnost resulted in which of the following changes in the Soviet Union?

A. Any who spoke out against the government were executed.

B. Churches reopened and the press was ensured more freedom.

C. Freedom of the press and assembly was further restricted.

D. Restrictions on the freedom of religion and land ownership.

Write the correct term for each definition.

24. A US spy plane was shot down over Russia, proving the US had been spying on the Soviet Union, despite their claims to the contrary. Eventually America got the pilot returned alive after trading him for another Soviet spy.

25. In the 1970s, this US president visited the largest Asian communist nation in order to make friends with them and establish trade.

26. Soviet premier Gorbachev instituted these programs in an attempt to fix the Soviet Union by allowing more freedoms and even some limited capitalism; instead he accidentally killed off the Soviet Union.

27. Following the division of Germany after WWII, Stalin blockade supplies from getting into the Western controlled section of Germany’s capital city, causing the US and England to send planes to daily drop supplies on the captive citizens.

28. One of Mao’s first acts, this was supposed to fix China’s economy by forcing everyone from peasants to professors to aid in steel manufacture; instead, it lead to a famine that killed between 20 and 30 million people.

29. When the Northern, communist part invaded the Southern, capitalist part, the civil war turned into a proxy war as communist and a capitalist supporters from around the world picked sides; the war ended in a stalemate and the formation of the demilitarized zone between the two countries that exists to this day.

30. After Stalin died, his successor tried to fix the USSR by getting rid of some of the harsher practices Stalin established, such as gulags or prison work camps. (The changes didn’t really solve all the problems)

31. In an attempt to cement his control over China, Mao completely rewrote China’s traditional values and instead instituted his own; for example, he threw out China’s respect for teachers and instead taught children that they should rebel all the time.

Short Answer Section

32. Why was the cold war considered a COLD war?

33. How does the “space race” reflect the concerns during the Cold War?

34. Explain the purpose of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, and why Mao and his wife felt the need to completely rewrite Chine Culture.

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