A Brief History of Judaism (Basic Timeline)
- c2000 B.C. Covenant between Yahweh and Abraham
- c1300 B.C. Entry into Canaan.
- c900 B.C. Kingdom of Israel
- 70 AD Destruction of the temple.
- 1700s Persecution of Jew in Europe.
- c1750 Development of Hasidism
- 1941 Beginning of the Holocaust.
- 1947 Establishment of the State of Israel.
Core Religious Beliefs
- 613 Laws
- Kosher Dietary Laws
- Talmud – Collection of writings written by rabbis, scholars, and leaders. These writings are commentaries on Jewish law.
- “Chosen People”
- Nation of Israel
- Messiah – “Savior”.
- Strict observance of the Torah
- Law is not static.
- Changes in response to circumstances.
- Observe moral laws/Reject ceremonial laws.
- Religious practice is constantly evolving.
Jewish Holy Days
- Sundown Friday to sundown Saturday.
- Celebrated for eight days.
- Feast of unleavened bread.
- Rosh Hashanah
- Jewish New Year
- Yom Kippur
- Day of Atonement
- Communal fasting and praying for forgiveness.
- Festival of Lights
Other Key Terms
- Rabbi – Can perform marriages.
- Levi (Levite)
- Bar Mitzvah/Bat Mitzvah – Celebration of the right of passage. Bar Mitzvah are for females. Bat Mitzvah are for males.
- Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer (Ba’al Shem Tov)
- Piety – goodness
- Refinement – Ability to adopt and adjust.
- Daily prayer/Study of Torah and Talmud.
- Men’s dress
- Dark suits/No Neckties/Button right to left.
- Black Hats
- Long Beards
- Women’s Dress
- Covered head.
- Arranged marriages.
- Segregated prayer and religious services.
- Continued use of Yiddish.
- Limited contract with gentiles.